Department of Justice
U.S. Department of Justice
There was no mention of a Justice Department in the U.S. Constitution when it was ratified on June 21, 1788 --- when the 9th State (New Hampshire) ratified it --- as allowed by Article VII of said Constitution.
Nor was there any mention of a Justice Department in the Bill of Rights (First 10 Amendments) which were ratified December 15, 1791. Nor was there any mention of a Justice Department for the next 5 amendments e.g. up to Amendment 15 "Black Suffrage", ratified February 3, 1870.
The Constitution grants various "powers" --- Article 1, Section 8, grants Congress the power "To raise and support Armies ..." and "To provide and maintain a Navy", but there is NOTHING in the Constitution that grants the authority to any department to enforce any of those "powers" e.g. U.S. Supreme Court Orders, valid Congressional Subpoenas, etc.
The U.S. Department of Justice did not exist until it was signed into Law by President Ulysses Grant on June 22, 1870 --- which was after the end of the Civil War (May 9, 1865). The Justice Department is headed by the U.S. Attorney General. The entire Department, while legal, is an arbitrary in that it was not addressed by our Founders.