The Federalist Papers

Published 1788


There are 85 Federalist essays: numbered (1-85). Some are extensions of earlier essays. Each essay was in support of the pending U.S. Constitution which had originated in 1787 by a collaboration between Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Thomas Paine, and John AdamsThe Federalist Papers were presented to the "Virginia Federal Convention" (168 delegates).


This Virginia Federal Convention, overseen by George Washington, met in 1788 to discuss/ratify/reject the U.S. Constitution previously signed September 1787 by 12 of 13 States. [Note: 12 States agreed on the U.S. Constitution on September 17 , 1787; later ratified on June 21, 1788. It was still later embellished by 25 viable Amendments, as provided for in the Constitution, that are now observed & honored by the 50 States.] 


The Federalist Papers are a compilation of 85 essays, specifically addressing various aspects of the (at that time) proposed U.S. Constitution, which were then available for consideration in finalizing the U.S. Constitution for adoption --- which were later ratified on June 7, 1788 --- when the 9th State ratified it (as demanded by Article VII) of the U.S. Constitution.


There are 3 named authors of the Federalist Papers --- each of whom wrote several essays in the published Federalist Papers. 

1.   Alexander Hamilton:

o   A Founding Father of the United States

o   1st Secretary of the Treasury of the United States

o   Founder of our nation's Financial System

o   Founder of the United States Coast Guard 

o   Oddly enough, Hamilton was a bastard whose mother died early, and his father abandoned him at 11 years old BUT Hamilton was brilliant --- he was noticed and utilized by George Washington. Later, Hamilton was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr

2.   James Madison:

o  A Founding Father of the United States

o   4th President of the United States

o   5th Secretary of State of the United States for 8 years

o   Next to Hamilton, Madison was considered the 2nd smartest man in government; the main architect of the U.S. Constitution


3.   John Jay:

o  A Founding Father of the United States

o   1st Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court



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