The Federalist Papers

Published 1788


There are 85 Federalist essays: numbered (1-85). Some are extensions of earlier essays. Each essay addressed the U.S Constitution which was originated in 1787 from a collaboration between Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Thomas Paine, and John Adams.


The Federalist Papers were presented in the "Virginia Federal Convention" (168 delegates) overseen by George Washington. That Convention met in 1788 to ratify or reject the U.S. Constitution that had been signed September 1787 by 12 of 13 States.


The Federalist Papers specifically addressed various aspects of the proposed Constitution, which one could assume caused some changes to the U.S. Constitution, before they were ratified on June 7, 1788 --- when the 9th State ratified it (as demanded by Article VII) of the U.S. Constitution.


There are 3 authors who each wrote several essays contained in the Federalist Papers. 


1.      Alexander Hamilton:

·       One of the Founding Fathers of the United States

·       1st Secretary of the Treasury of the United States

·       Founder of our nation's Financial System

·       Founder of the United States Coast Guard

·       Oddly enough, Hamilton was a bastard whose mother died early, and his father abandoned him at 11 years old BUT Hamilton was brilliant and very smart. It was noticed – mainly by George Washington. Killed in a duel by Aaron Burr


2.      James Madison:

·       One of the Founding Fathers of the United States

·       4th President of the United States

·       5th Secretary of State of the United States for 8 years

·       Next to Hamilton, Madison was considered the 2nd smartest man in government

·       The main architect of the U.S. Constitution

·       Considered the most astute, profound and original theorist amongst the Founding Fathers


3.      John Jay:

·       One of the Founding Fathers of the United States

·       1st Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court



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