Unified Combatant Commands
There are 10 Unified Combatant Commands: 6 Geographical Commands and 4 Functional Commands.
A Unified Combatant Command (UCC)
is a U.S. Department of Defense Command composed of forces from at least 2 Military
Departments and has a broad and continuing mission. These Commands are established to provide effective command and control of U.S. military forces, regardless of branch of
service, in peace and war.
The 10 United
States Combatant Commanders' Area of Responsibility are:
U.S. Africa Command is responsible for military relations with African nations, the African Union and African regional security organizations. It protects and defends the interests of the U.S. by strengthening the defense capabilities of African nations and, in cooperation with African governments, conducts military missions that increase security while deterring and defeating a variety of transnational threats.
2) U.S. Central - Founded 1983 – Commander is General Joseph Votel, U.S. Army
U.S. Central Command is responsible for operations in 20 countries that fall in the "central” global area: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan & Yemen. U.S. Central Command utilizes national and international partnerships to build cooperation among nations, respond to crisis, deter/defeat threats & support development that ultimately increases stability in the region.
3) U.S. European - Founded 1952 – Commander is General Curtis Scaparrotti, U.S. Army
U.S. European Command works with NATO and other partner nations to address the security and defense needs of nations in Europe and parts of the Middle East and Eurasia. It coordinates with these nations to find cooperative solutions in peace and wartime alike, to plan training missions, provide humanitarian assistance and to develop strategies for promoting peace and stability in the region.
4) U.S. Northern – Founded 2002 – Commander is General Terrance O’Shaughnessy, U.S. Air Force
U.S. Northern Command operates in the area of responsibility encompassing the continental United States, Alaska, Mexico, Canada, portions of the Caribbean and surrounding waters. It is primarily responsible for civil support and homeland security and also oversees the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). It has few permanent forces and is instead assigned forces by the Secretary of Defense or the President whenever required for the execution of its missions.
5) U.S. Indo-Pacific - Founded 1947 – Commander is Admiral Philip Davidson, U.S. Navy
U.S. Pacific Command oversees an area of responsibility stretching from the waters of the U.S. west coast to the western border of India, and from Antarctica to the North Pole, encompassing 36 diverse nations. They work to promote the development of the region while cooperating to enhance security, deter aggression, respond with force when necessary and to provide humanitarian assistance.
6) U.S. Southern – Founded 1963 – Commander is Admiral Craig Faller, U.S. Navy
U.S. Southern Command oversees an area of responsibility encompassing 31 nations in Latin America south of Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean Sea. It works to increase the security of the U.S. by engaging its partners to enhance the peacekeeping abilities of the region, to promote human rights, to deter illegal activities associated with illicit trafficking and to conduct multinational military exercises designed to strengthen partnerships while developing collective capabilities.
7) U.S. Cyber – Founded 2009 – Commander is General Paul
Nakasone – U.S. Army
U.S. Cyber Command's mission is to direct, synchronize, and coordinate cyberspace planning and operations to defend and advance national interests in collaboration with domestic and international partners
8) U.S. Special Operations – Founded 1987 – Commander is Raymond Thomas – U.S. Army
The U.S. Special Operations Command is responsible for planning for/conducting special operations. It offers direct action in the form of short duration strikes and small-scale offensives, special reconnaissance, unconventional warfare, foreign internal defense, civil affairs operations, counterterrorism, psychological operations, information operations, counter-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, security force assistance, counterinsurgency operations & specific activities directed by the President or the Secretary of Defense.
9) U.S. Strategic – Founded 1992 – Commander is John Hyten – U.S. Air Force
The U.S. Strategic Command HQ is at Offutt Air Force Base in Omaha, Nebraska. It conducts global operations in partnership with other Combatant Commands, services and U.S. government agencies to deter and detect strategic attacks against the U.S. It is responsible for command of U.S. nuclear capabilities, space operations, global surveillance and reconnaissance, intelligence, communications, computers, global missile defense and combatting weapons of mass destruction.
10) U.S. Transportation - Founded 1987 – Commander is General Stephan Lyons – U.S. Army
The U.S. Transportation Command provides the Department of Defense with an aggregate of transportation capabilities and assets. Together with commercial partnerships, it enables a diverse array of joint mobility missions.
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